英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看

为同学们总结了英语必修5的的要点词汇、短语、句型和单元语法,便利我们学习和考试温惯用,和小简一同行为起来吧,加油哦! U…

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图

为同学们总结了英语必修5的的要点词汇、短语、句型和单元语法,便利我们学习和考试温惯用,和小简一同行为起来吧,加油哦!

Unit1 Great scientists

要点词汇、短语

1. put forward 提出

2. conclude 结束,结论

3. draw a conclusion 得出结论

4. defeat 打败

5. attend 照看,维护,到会

6. expose to 使露出

7. cure 治好,医治

8. challenge 应战

9. suspect 置疑,被置疑者

10. blame 责怪

11. handle 柄,把手,处置,掌控

12. link 联络,联接

13. link to 将…和…联接

14. announce 宣告

15. contribute 捐赠,奉献

16. apart from 除了

17. be strict with 对…严肃

18. make sense 讲的通,有意义

19. spin 使旋转

20. reject 回绝,扔掉

要点句型

1.What do you know about infectious diseases?

你对感染性疾病晓得多少?

2.John Snow was a famous doctor in London – so expert, indeed, that he attended Queen Victoria as her personal physician.

约翰斯诺是伦敦一位闻名的医生——他的确医术精深,因而变成维多利亚女王的私家大夫。

3.But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera.

但当他一想到要协助患了霍乱的一般老群众,他就感到很振奋。

4. Neither its cause, nor its cure was understood.

我们既不晓得它的病源,也不晓得它的医治办法。

5. He knew that cholera would never be controlled until its cause was found.

他晓得,在找到病源之前,霍乱疫情是无法控制的。

6.The second suggested that people absorbed this disease into their bodies with their meals.

第二种观点是在吃饭的时分我们把这种病毒引入体内的。

7. John Snow suspected that the second theory was correct but he needed evidence.

约翰斯诺猜测第二个理论是正确的,但他需要根据。

8.It seemed that the water was to blame.

看来要归罪于饮用水了。

9.He immediately told the astonished people in Broad Street to remove the handle from the pump so that it could not be used.

约翰斯诺马上叫宽街上错愕失措的老群众拆掉水泵的把手,这样水泵就用不成了。

10. In another part of London, he found supporting evidence from two other deaths that were linked to the Broad Street outbreak.

在伦敦的另一个区域,他从两个与宽街迸发的霍乱有相关的去世病例中又发现了有力根据。

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图1

语法总结——曩昔分词作定语和表语

一. 曩昔分词作表语

作表语用的曩昔分词标明主语的特征或地址的状况,恰当于描述词,偏重主谓联络;被逼语态标明动作,偏重动宾联络,绝大大都被逼规划中的行为实施者还可以用by短语来标明。

1. 曩昔分词做表语与被逼语态的差异:

The store is now closed.(系表)

The library is usually closed at 8:00 p.m. (被逼)

2.某些曩昔分词作表语,多半用来标明人物地址的心思状况或情感改变, 其主语首要是人。

这类曩昔分词一般为下列曩昔分词: delighted, devoted, discouraged , astonished, frightened, excited, inspired, encouraged, interested, contented, pleased, puzzled, satisfied, tired, worried, ect .

二. 曩昔分词作定语

作定语的曩昔分词恰当于描述词,其逻辑主语就是它所润饰的名词。及物动词的曩昔分词作定语,既表被备照结束;不及物动词的曩昔分词作定语,只表结束。

1. 曩昔分词用作定语,假定是单个的,置于其所润饰的名词之前。

We must adapt our thinking to the changed conditions.

咱们有必要使咱们的思维习气改动了的情况。

2. 曩昔分词短语用作定语时,置于其所润饰的名词之后,其意义恰当于一个定语从句,但较从句简练,多用于书面语中。

The concert given by their friends was a success.

他们兄弟举办的音乐会大为成功。

3. 曩昔分词短语有时也可用作非捆绑性定语,前后常有逗号。

The meeting,attended by over five thousand people,welcomed the great hero.

他们举办了等待英豪的大会,到会的有五千多人。

Unit2 The United Kingdom

要点词汇、短语

1. consist 构成,在于,共同

2. consist of 由…构成

3. divide…into 把…分红

4. break away from 脱离

5. to one’s credit 在…的名下,为…带来荣誉

6. attract 招引,致使留心

7. leave out 省去,遗失,不思考

8. plus 加上,和,正的

9. take the place of 替代

10. break down 损坏,损坏

11. arrange 组织

12. fold 折叠,对折

13. delight 高兴,高兴,高兴

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图2

要点句型

1.How many countries does the UK consist of?

联合王国由几个国家构成?

2. You can easily clarify this question if you study British history.

假定你学习了英国前史,很简略就能弄理解这个疑问。

3. Happily this was accomplished without conflict when King James of Scotland became King of England and Wales as well.

令人高兴的是,这件事没有致使冲突就结束了,那时分苏格兰的詹姆斯国王也变成了英格兰和威尔士的国王。

4. However, the southern part of Ireland was unwilling and broke away to form its own government.

可是,爱尔兰的南部却不愿意而别离出去了,并树立了自个的政府。

5. To their credit the four countries do work together in some areas.

值得赞誉的是,这四个国家的确在一些方面一起协作。

6. England is the largest of the four countries, and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones.

在这四个国家中,英格兰最大,为了便利起见,它大致被分为了三个区域。

7. You must keep your eyes open if you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom enjoyable and worthwhile.

假定你想要使你的英国之旅开心又有意义,你就有必要留心调查。

8. Worried about the time available, Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London.

因为忧虑时刻不可,张萍玉早就把她想在伦敦赏识的地址列了一张单子。

9.It looked splendid when first built.

刚建成的时分,它看起来真是金碧光辉。

10.What interested her most was the longitude line.

她最感快乐喜爱的是那条经线。

语法总结——曩昔分词作宾补

曩昔分词作宾语补足语,阐明宾语的状况或性质,曩昔分词所标明的动作和宾语有逻辑上的动宾联络。

一. 能接曩昔分词作宾语补足语的动词有三类:

1. 标明感触或心思状况的动词,如:see, hear, feel, watch, notice;think(认为), consider, find等。

We saw the thief caught by the police.

我看见小偷被差人捉住了。

We thought the game lost.

咱们认为球赛输了。

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图3

2. 标明“致使”或“坚持某状况”意义的动词,如:make, get, have, keep, leave等。

Don’t leave such an important thing undone.

不要让这么重要的事没有人做。

He had his hat blown away on his way home.

在回家的路上他的帽子被吹掉了。

3. 标明“期望、需求、指令”等动词,如:want, wish, like, expect, order等。

I want the house white-washed before we move in.

我想要房子在我搬进入之前粉刷完。

He won’t like such questions discussed at the meeting.

他不喜爱在会上谈论这样的疑问。

二. “with +宾语+曩昔分词”规划

“with +宾语+曩昔分词”规划中,曩昔分词用作介词with的宾语补足语。这一规划一般在句中作时刻,方法,条件,缘由等状语。例如:

1. The murderer was brought in,with his hands tied behind his back.凶手被带进来了,他的双手被绑在不和.(表方法)

2. With water heated,we can see the steam.水一被加热,咱们就会看到水蒸气.(表条件)

3. With the matter settled,we all went home.作业得处处置,咱们都回家了.(表缘由)

Unit3 Life in the Future

要点词汇、短语

1. impression 形象,感触

2. take up 拿起,初步,持续

3. constant 常常发生的,接二连三的

4. previous 在前的,新近的

5. guide 辅导,导游

6. lack 短少,没有

7. lose sight of 看不见

8. sweep up 横扫

9. slide into 移动,溜进

10. optimistic 旷达的

11. speed up 加速

12. desert 沙漠

13. instant 片刻间,顷刻

14. settlement 久居,处置

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图4

要点句型

1.I have to remind myself constantly that I am really in AD 3008.

我得不断提示自个我真的到公元3008年了。

2.At first my new surroundings were difficult to tolerate.

初步的时分,新的环境让我难以忍耐。

3. The air seemed thin, as though its combination of gases had little oxygen left.

空气如同很冷漠,如同在混合的气体中剩下的氧气很少。

4.Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached.

因为短少新鲜空气,我感到头痛。

5.Soon I was back on my feet again and following him to collect a hovering carriage driven by computer.

很快我又从头振奋起来,然后跟从他收取了一部由电脑控制的气垫车。

6.However, I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached what looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all directions.

可是,当咱们抵达一个看上去像大商场的当地时,因为太多车子朝四面8方飞驰,我看不见王平了。

7. He was swept up into the center of them.

他被卷进到这群车队中去了。

8.Arriving at a strange-looking house, he showed me into a large, bright clean room.

到了一幢看上去很新鲜的房子里,他掌控带到一个亮堂而清洗的大房间。

9.I found later that their leaves provided the room with much-needed oxygen.

后来我才发现,就是这些树的叶子为这栋房子供给了最急需的氧气。

语法总结——曩昔分词作状语

曩昔分词短语作状语,可标明时刻,缘由,条件等,可打开为一个状语从句。曩昔分词作状语时其逻辑主语为主句的主语。曩昔分词作状语时的具体用法:

1. 曩昔分词作时刻状语恰当于一个时刻状语从句。例如:

Asked (When he was asked) what had happened, he lowered his head.

当他被问疑问的时分,他低下了头。

2. 曩昔分词作缘由状语恰当于一个缘由状语从句。例如:

Frightened (=Because / As she was frightened) by the tiger, the girl didn’t dare to sleep alone.

因为惧怕山君, 这个女孩不敢单独睡觉。

3. 曩昔分词作条件状语恰当于一个条件状语从句。例如:

Grown (If these seeds are grown) in rich soil, these seeds can grow fast.

假定种在肥美的土壤里, 这些种子能长得很快。

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图5

4. 曩昔分词作让步状语恰当于一个让步状语从句。例如:

Left (Although he was left) at home, John didn’t feel afraid at all.

尽管John被单独留在房间里, 他一点都不惧怕。

5. 曩昔分词作状语标明伴随动作或状况。例如:

The teacher entered the classroom, (and he was) followed by a group of students.

教师进入教室,后边跟着一帮学生。

Unit4 Making the News

要点词汇、短语

1. delighted 高兴的,欢欣的

2. assist 协助,协助

3. process 加工,处置,进程,程序

4. concentrate on 会集,集合

5. acquire 获得,学到

6. assess 评价,判定

7. inform 告诉

8. depend on 依托

9. accuse… of 指控

10. so as to 为了

11. demand 需要,需求

12. ahead of 在…前面

13. approve 答应,附和

要点句型

1. Never will Zhou Yang forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper.

周阳永久不会忘掉他在一家出名的英语报报社第一天上班的作业使命。

2. You’ll find your colleagues very eager to assist you, so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you’re interested.

你将会发现你的火伴们会热心肠协助你,假定你对拍摄感快乐喜爱,今后你可以会集精力去研究。

3. Not only am I interested in photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update my skills.

对拍摄我不只是感快乐喜爱,在大学里我还专修过业余拍摄课来更新我的技能。

4. Only if you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you need to know.

只需提许多不一样的疑问,你才干搜集到你需要的信息。

5. They must use research to inform themselves of the missing parts of the story.

他们有必要经过查询研讨来得悉被遗失的那有些情况。

6.Meanwhile you have to prepare the next question depending on what the persons said.

一起,你还要根据被采访人所说的话预备提出下一个疑问。

7. Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick?

你们有没有过这样的情况:有人指控你的记者,说他们的报导完全失实呢?

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图6

8.This is how the story goes.

作业是这样的。

9. He denied taking money but we were sceptical.

他否定收了钱,但咱们对此标明置疑。

10. It was a dilemma because the footballer could have demanded damages if we were wrong.

这事有些为难,因为假定咱们错了,这名足球运建议就可以向咱们索要抵偿。

语法总结——倒装句

一. 倒装句的意义

将语句中的整个谓语动词或曰语动词的一有些(包括助动词、be动词和神态动词)说到主语之前,这样的语句规划就叫做倒装句。

二. 倒装句的分类

(一)完全倒装:将语句中整个谓语动词说到主语前的语句规划。例如:

Out rushed th children.

孩子们冲了出来。

以下两种情况有必要运用完全倒装:

1. 当out、in、down、up、away、here、there、then等副词位于句首时。例如:

Down came the rain and up went the umbrellas.

下雨了,伞都撑了起来。

2. 当in the room、on the wall等标明地址状语的介词短语置于句首时。例如:

At the top of the hill stood the tiny chapel.

那座小教堂矗立在山顶上。

留心:完全倒装一般只用于一般如今时和一般曩昔时中,而且假定主语是人称代词时则不能倒装。例如:

Then he left.(正确)

Then left he.(差错)

(二)有些倒装:将语句中谓语动词的一有些(包括助动词、be动词和神态动词)说到主语前的语句规划。

以下两种情况有必要运用有些倒装:

1. 标明否定意义的副词或介词短语如not、never、seldom、little、hardly、no sooner、no longer、nowhere、by no means、in no case、on no condition、in/under no circumstances等位于句首时。例如:

Seldom does he go out for dinner.

他很少出去吃饭。

In/Under no circumstances will I lend money to him.

不管如何我也不会再借钱给他了。

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图7

2. “only+副词/介词短语/状语从句”规划位于句首时。例如:

Only then did he realize that he was wrong.

到那时他才知道到他错了。

Only in this way are you able to do it well.

你只需用这种办法才干把它做好。

Only when he returned home did he realize what had happened.

当他回到家里时,才晓得出了啥事。

留心:关于有些倒装,有六个经典句型,是查询倒装句时的高频考点,和小简教师一同来看看。

经典句型1. 在not only…
英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图8
but also…句型中,not only位于句首时,这今后语句用有些倒装,but also后的语句仍然是陈述句式。例如:

Not only did he speak more correctly, but he spoke more easily.

不只他讲得更正确,也讲得更简略了。

经典句型2. 在not…until句型中,当not until…位于句首时,这今后的主句要用有些倒装。例如:

Not until the rain stopped did he leave the room.

雨停了之后他才脱离这房间。

经典句型3. 在so+adj./adv.+that…句型中,当so+adj./adv.位于句首时,其地址句用有些倒装,that引导的成果状语从句仍然是陈述句式。例如:

So fast does light travel that we can hardly imagine its speed.

光速很快,咱们几乎无法想像它的速度。

经典句型4. so+助动词/be动词/神态动词+主语,标明前面提出的某一必定的情况也相同合适于后者。例如:

You are young and so am I.

你年青,我也年青。

She likes music and so do I.

她喜爱音乐,我也喜爱。

If he can do it, so can I.

要是他能做此事,我也能。

经典句型5. neither/nor+助动词/be动词/神态动词+主语,标明前面提出的某一否定的情况也相同合适于后者
英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图9
。例如:

You aren’t young and neither am I.

你不年青,我也不年青。

She hasn’t read it and nor have I.

她没有读过它,我也没有读过。

经典句型6. 在neither…nor…句型中,两个连词后的语句都用有些倒装,意为“既不……也不……”。例如:

Neiher can I swim,nor can I skate.

我既不会游水,也不会滑冰。

(三)方法倒装:方法倒装只呈如今as和though引导的让步状语从句中,其具体情况分为以下三种。

1. 在as/though引导的让步状语从句中,省去冠词(a,an,the)的表语说到句首时。例如:

Boy as/though he was, he behaved like a girl.

他虽是个男孩,但行为却像个女孩。

Tired as/though I was, I tried to help them.

尽管我很累,我仍是尽力协助他们。

2. 在as/though引导的让步状语从句中,程度状语提前时。例如:

Hard as/though they tried, they couldn’t make her change her mind.

尽管他们做了很大尽力,却无法让她改动主见。

3. 在as/though引导的让步状语从句中,动词原形提前时。例如:

Search as/though they
英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图10
would, they would find nobody in the house.

不管怎样查找,他们在房子里仍然没有找到一自个。

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图11

留心:as引导的让步状语从句有必要倒装;though引导的让步状语从句倒装或陈述均可。例如:

Though I was tired, I tried to help them. =Tired though I was, I tried to help them.

尽管我很累,我仍是尽力协助他们。

三. 虚拟条件句的省掉与倒装

当if引导的虚拟条件从句中富含had, were, should等时,如将if省掉,则要将had, were, should等说到主语前,构成有些倒装。例如:

Had you come yesterday, you would have seen him.

若你昨日来,你就接见会面到他了。

Should it snow tomorrow,we would make a snowman.

假定明日下雪,咱们会堆一个雪人。

Were it not for your help, I would still be homeless now.

要不是你的协助,我如今仍然无家可归。

留心:省掉 if 后提前的had不必定是助动词,也可所以实意动词。例如:

Had I money, I would buy it.

假定我有钱,我就会买它。

Unit5 First aid

要点词汇、短语

1. first aid 急救

2. fall
英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图12
ill 患病

3. poison 毒药,使中毒

4. electric shock 触电,电休克

5. swell 使胀大,拱起

6. squeeze 榨,挤

7. squeeze out 榨出,挤出

8. over and over again 重复,多次

9. in place 在恰当的方位

10. pour 倒,灌

11. a number of 许多

12. put one’s hands on 找到

13. treat 医治,对待,款待

14. apply 使用,运用,请求

15. make a difference 差异对待,有影响,起(重要)作用

要点句型

1. Burns are called first degree, second degree or third degree burns depending on which layers of the skins are burnt.

根据肌肤烧伤的层次而有一度烧伤、二度烧伤和三度烧伤。

2.Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn.

除非衣裳黏贴在烧伤面上,否则假定有必要的话就要用剪刀把衣物移除。

3. If burns are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart, if possible.

假定烧伤的部位在臂部或腿部,可以的话,就要把他们抬高到高于心脏的方位。

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图13

4.…it is vital to get the victim to the doctor or hospital at once.

……当即把受害者送往医院或送去看医生至关重要。

5.John was studying in his room when he heard screaming.

约翰正在房里学习,俄然听到一声尖叫。

6. She was lying in her front garden bleeding very heavily.

她躺在前花园的地上,流血不止。

7.He immediately asked a number of nearby people for bandages, …

他当即向周围的一些人要纱带,……

8. He slowed the bleeding by applying pressure to the wounds until the police and ambulance arrived.

他用力地按住伤口,使血流得慢些,一向等到差人和救助车的到来。

8. There is no doubt that Jon’s quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade’s life.

毫无疑问,是灵敏的思维和在学校学到的急救技能,使得斯莱德女士的生命获救了。

9. It shows that a knowledge of first aid can make a real difference.

这阐明晰急救常识的确能发扬重要的作用。

语法总结——省掉句

一. 简略句中的省掉

1. 省掉主语

1)祈使句中的主语一般被省掉 如:

(You) Open the door, please. 请开一下门。

2) 其它省掉主语多限于现成的说法 如:

a) (I) Thank you for your help 谢谢你的协助。

b) (It)Doesn’t matter.没联络。

2. 省掉主谓语或主谓语的一有些

a) (There is) No smoking. 阻止抽烟

b) (Is there)anything else ? 还有其他事吗 ?

c) (You come)This way please.请这边走。

d) (Will you) Have a smoke ? 抽烟吗 ?

3. 省掉宾语

—Do you know Mr. Li ? 你知道李先生吗?

— I don’t know (him.) 我不知道他

4. 省掉表语

—Are you thirsty ? 你30岁了吗? 

Yes , I am (thirsty). 是的,我是。

5. 一起省掉几个成分

—Are you feeling better now? 你觉得好些了吗 ?

—(I am feeling ) Much better (now) 许多了。

(I wish) Good luck (to you) .祝你好运/祝你顺畅。

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图3

二. 并排复合句中的省掉

在并排句中后边的分句可以省掉与前边分句中相同的成分。如:

a) The boy picked up a coin in the road and (the boy ) handed it to a policeman.

这个男孩在马路上捡起一枚硬币并把他交给了差人。

b) Your advice made me happy but(your advice made) Tom angry .

你的主张使我高兴但使汤姆生气。

c) Tom must have been playing basketball and Mary (must have been)doing her homework.

汤姆必定一向在打篮球,玛丽一向在写作业。

d) Gao Xiumin was born in 1959 and Fu Biao (was born) in 1963.

高秀敏出世于1959年,傅彪出世于1963年。

三. 主从复合句中的省掉

1. 状语从句中的省掉

一般说来省掉表象多呈现鄙人列五种状语从句中:

1)由 when ,while ,as ,before, after , till, until, once等引导的时刻状语从句;

2)由whether ,if , unless 等引导的条件状语从句;

3)由though , although ,even if ,whatever等引导的让步状语从句;

4)由 as ,than 等引导的比照状语从句;

5)由as, as if , as though 等引导的方法状语从句。

上述状语从句在省掉时应遵从下面原则:当状语从句的主语与主句的主语共一起,可以省掉状语从句的主语和系动词be。如:

a) Once (he was)a worker ,Pang Long now becomes a famous singer .

庞龙早年是个工人,如今变成一位闻名的歌手。

b) Work hard when (you are) young ,or you’ll regret.

趁年青要尽力学习,要否则你会后悔的。

c) He looked everywhere as if (he was)in search of something .

他处处看如同在找啥东西。

d) While (he was) holding talks with President Hu Jintao ,US President George W. Bush thanked China for its important role in the Six-Party Talks.

美国总统布什在与胡锦涛主席商洽时,谢谢我国在六方商洽中起的重要作用。

e) The exhibition is more interesting than (it was) expected .这次展览比被意料的风趣的多。

f) Olympic gold medallist hurdler Liu Xiang opened his lips as if (he were) to speak。奥林匹克金牌获得者跨栏运建议刘翔翻开嘴如同要说啥。

留心:

1) 当从句的主语和主句的宾语共一起,间或也有这样的省掉,如:

Her father told her to be careful when (she was)crossing the street.当她过马路时父亲告诉她要留心。

2) 当从句的主语是 it,谓语动词中又富含系动词be 时,可以把it和系动词be一同省掉。如:

Unless (it is) necessary ,you’d better not refer to the dictionary.假定没有必要,你最佳不要查字典。

2. 定语从句中的省掉

1) 一般说来,在捆绑性定语从句中,作宾语的联络代词 that ,which , whom 可以省掉。如:

Is this reason (that) he explained at the meeting for his carelessness in his work?

这就是他在会上说明他作业中粗心的缘由吗?(2002上海春季)

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图6

留心:

在非捆绑性定语从句中作宾语的联络代词 which , whom 不可以以省掉。试比照:

Tom (whom) you saw yesterday fell ill.( whom可以省)

你昨日见到的汤姆病倒了。

Tom , whom you saw yesterday ,fell ill. ( whom不可以以省)

汤姆病倒了,你昨日见到他了。

2)在口语和非正式用语中,联络副词when ,where , 和 why 常常用that 来替代,甚至还可省掉。如:

a) He wants to find a good place (where/that) we can have a picnic during the “golden week ”holiday .

他想找一个能在黄金周时刻野餐的好当地。

b) Could you tell us the reason (why/that)he was so unhappy ?

你能告诉咱们他为啥如此不高兴吗?

3)抢先行词为标明方法的 the way 时 ,从句不能用 how 来引导 ,大约用that 或 in which ,或将它们悉数省掉。如:

I don’t like the way (that/in which) you laugh at her.我不喜爱你讪笑他的行为。

3. 宾语从句中的省掉

1)在及物动词后边所接的宾语从句中,连词that 一般可以省掉。但假定及物动词后边是由that引导的两个或两个以上的并排的宾语从句 ,那么只需第一个that可以省掉。如:

a) I think (that) the reform of the renminbi’s exchange rate is necessary.

我认为公民币兑换率的变革是必要的。

b) He said (that)the Anti-secession law had been passed and that President Hu Jintao had signed a presidential order 他说《 反割裂国家法》已被经过,而且胡锦涛主席已签署了主席令。

2)由 which , when ,where , how,和 why 引导的宾语从句,可以悉数或有些省掉。如:

a) I know that NBA star Yao Ming will come to our city but I don’t know when (he will come to our city).

我晓得NBA明星要到咱们城市来但我不晓得他啥时分来。

b) He wants to move abroad but his parents wonders why (he wants to move abroad)

他想搬场到国外但他的父母想晓得为啥。

4.在与suggest ,request ,order ,advise 等词有关的名词性从句中,须用虚拟口气方法“should +动词原形”,should可以省掉。如:

Chirac, President of the Republic of France suggested that the China-France Culture Year (should) last long in various forms.

法国总统希拉克主张中法文下一年以林林总总的方法长时刻持续。

5. 主句省掉多用于句首。如:

(It is a ) Pity that I didn’t go to Mary’s birthday party yesterday.

很怅惘,我昨日没有去参加玛丽的生日集会。

6.在答语中,主句可悉数省掉。如:

—Why were you absent from school last Friday ?上星期五你为啥没有上学?

—(I was absent from school)Because my mother was ill.因为我母亲病了。

四. 动词不定式省掉,只保存to 的场合

1. 不定式作某些动词的宾语时。这些动词常见的有:love, like, care, wish, hope, expect, prefer, refuse, mean , try , oblige , advise , persuade , agree , want , afford , forget , remember , try , manage等。如:

a)— You should have thanked her before you left . 你本该在脱离前谢谢她。

—I meant to,but when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere.—我本方案这么做,但当我就要脱离的时分我却找不到她了。

b) You can do it this way if you like to.

假定你想做,你可以这么做。

2. 不定式作某些动词的宾语补足语或主语补足语时。这些动词常见的有:ask , tell ,advise, force, persuade, wish, allow, permit , forbid ,expect, order ,warn 等。如 :

a) The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street ,but his mother told him not to (ride his bicycle in the street).

男孩想在街上骑他的自行车,但他母亲不让。

b) She wants to come but her parents won’t allow her to (come). 

她想来,可是她父母不让。

3. 不定式在句中作某些描述词的状语时。常见的描述词有:happy, glad ,eager , anxious , willing , ready等。如:

— I will be away on a business trip. Could you mind looking after my cat ?我要出差,你能帮我照看一下我的猫吗?  

— Not at all. I would be happy to (look after your cat).没联络,我很情愿。

4. 不定式作某些复毫语时。常见规划如:be able to, be going to, have to, ought to, used to等。如:

He doesn’t like fish but he used to .

他如今不喜爱吃鱼,但曩昔喜爱。

留心:但不定式后有be,have时,也保存be和have。如:

——Are you a quite man?你是个恬静的人吗?

——No, I am not. But I used to be.不,不是。可是我早年是。

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图14

五. 动词不定式to 的省掉

1.主语有些有to do,系动词 is 或 was 时 ,作表语的不定式一般省去to。如:

The only thing you have to do is press the button.

你有必要做的专一作业是按按钮。

2. 作介词but ,expect ,besides 的宾语,前面又有实意动词 do时,不定式一般省去to. 如:

He said that Chen Shuibian had nothing to do except push a pro-“independence” timetable.

他说陈水扁除了推进撑持“独立”的时刻表外,啥也没有做。

3. 主语有些暗含to do,表语中的不定式一般省去to。如:

All I want (to do) is go to school and study hard .我想要(做)的就是上学,尽力学习。

4. 当两个或多个不定式并排时,这今后的不定式符号可以省掉,但有比照联络时不可以省掉。如:

It is easier to say than to do . 说起来简略,做起来难。

5. 在would rather…than… 等规划中,不定式符号常常要省掉. 如:

I would rather stay at home than go to see a film.

我甘愿呆在家也不愿去看影片。

6. 在see ,watch ,notice ,hear, listen to ,look at ,feel ,have, make, let ,observe 等词后作宾语补足语时省掉不定式符号to. 如:

I saw her enter the room.

我看见她进入了房间

7. why (not) do 规划 中, 不定式也不带to。如:

Why not join us ?

为啥不参加到咱们的部队里来呢?

六. 虚拟条件句中的省掉

在if引导的虚拟条件句中,可省去if,此时,须把were、had或shoud说到主语前,如:

If I were a teacher, I would be strict with my students.

= Were I a teacher, I would be strict with my students.

假定我是教师,我会对我的学生非常严肃。

英语必修5要点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总,高二生特别要看插图15

七. so和not的替代性省掉

为了避免重复前面所说过的内容,替代词so/not替代必定或否定的名词性从句。可与believe,do,expect,fear,guess,hope,say,speak,suppose,think,I’m afraid等连用。 如:

——Do you suppose he is going to attend the meeting? 你猜他会参加婚礼吗?

—— I suppose not.我猜不会。

8. 其他一些省掉规划

1. 名词一切格润饰的名词,若标明住所、店肆、教堂或上下文已暗示或清楚指出过的事物时,常常可以省掉。如:

We spent the weekend at the Mary’s. 

咱们在玛丽家过的周末。

2.What和 how引导的感叹句中,常可省掉主语 it 和be动词 如:

a) What a wonderful victory (it is ) for Tom !

这对Tom来说是个多么大的成功呀!

b) How beautiful (it is ) to be treated like a normal child.

被当作一个正常孩子对待对他而言是多么夸姣的一件事呀。

3. 景象会话中,在不致使歧义的情况下,答语常常省掉主语、谓语或宾语,而只保存对方期望晓得的内容。

——How many copies do you want? 你想要多少册?

——(I want) Three copies, please. 三册。

——Have you ever been to the Great Wall? 你去过长城吗?

——No, (I have) never (been to the Great Wall). 从没去过。

作者: acad2018

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